Random Use List – 2

asinine: adjective, extremely stupid or foolish: Lydia ignored his asinine remark.

Derivatives

  • asininity noun,

ORIGIN:  late 15th cent.: from Latin asininus, from asinus ‘ass’.

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lambent: adjective literary(of light or fire) glowing, gleaming, or flickering with a soft radiance.

Derivatives:

  • lambency – noun,
  • lambently – adverb

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popple:  1) verb [ no obj. ](of water) flow in a tumbling or rippling way. 2) noun [ in sing. ]a rolling or rippling of water.

Derivatives

  • popply – adjective
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umbra: noun ( pl. umbras or umbrae |-briː| ) 1) the fully shaded inner region of a shadow cast by an opaque object, especially the area on the earth or moon experiencing the total phase of an eclipse. Compare with penumbra.• Astronomy the dark central part of a sunspot. 2) [ mass noun ] literary shadow or darkness.

Derivatives:

  • umbral – adjective

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koan: noun, a paradoxical anecdote or riddle without a solution, used in Zen Buddhism to demonstrate the inadequacy of logical reasoning and provoke enlightenment.

Origin:  Japanese, literally ‘matter for public thought’.

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kurtosis: noun [ mass noun ] Statistics, the sharpness of the peak of a frequency-distribution curve.

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modal: adjective 1) relating to mode or form as opposed to substance. 2) Grammar of or denoting the mood of a verb.• relating to a modal verb. 3) Statistics relating to a value that occurs most frequently in a given set of data. 4) Music of or denoting music using melodies or harmonies based on modes other than the ordinary major and minor scales. 5) Logic (of a proposition) in which the predicate is affirmed of the subject with some qualification, or which involves the affirmation of possibility, impossibility, necessity, or contingency.nounGrammara modal word or construction.

Derivatives:

  • modally – adverb

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indubitable: adjective,  impossible to doubt; unquestionable: an indubitable truth.

Derivatives:

  • indubitably – adverb [ sentence adverb ] : indubitably, liberalism parades under many guises
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yomp: Brit. informal, verb [ no obj., with adverbial of direction ](of a soldier) march with heavy equipment over difficult terrain: squaddies yomping over the hills. noun, a march with heavy equipment over difficult terrain: a 60 km yomp.

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vitiate: verb [ with obj. ] forma, lspoil or impair the quality or efficiency of: development programmes have been vitiated by the rise in population.• destroy or impair the legal validity of.

Derivatives:

  • vitiation – noun,
  • vitiator – noun

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inculcate: verb [ with obj. ]instil (an idea, attitude, or habit) by persistent instruction: I tried to inculcate in my pupils an attitude of enquiry.• teach (someone) an attitude, idea, or habit by persistent instruction: they will try to inculcate you with a respect for culture.

Derivatives:

  • inculcation- noun,
  • inculcator – noun

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somniferous: adjective, tending to induce sleep; soporific.

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asperity: noun ( pl. asperities ) [ mass noun ]harshness of tone or manner: he pointed this out with some asperity.• (asperities) harsh qualities or conditions: the asperities of a harsh and divided society.

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gallimaufry: noun [ in sing. ], a confused jumble or medley of things.

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galumph: verb [ no obj., with adverbial of direction ] informal, move in a clumsy, ponderous, or noisy manner: she galumphed along beside him | (asadj.galumphing) : a galumphing giant.

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lily-livered: adjective, weak and cowardly.

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gombeen: noun [ mass noun ] [ as modifier ] Irish, involved in the lending of money at unreasonably high interest rates: a gombeen man.

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tabernacle: noun

  • 1) (in biblical use) a fixed or movable dwelling, typically of light construction.• a tent used as a sanctuary for the Ark of the Covenant by the Israelites during the Exodus and until the building of the Temple.
  • 2) a meeting place for worship used by Nonconformists or Mormons.
  • 3) an ornamented receptacle or cabinet in which a pyx containing the reserved sacrament may be placed in Catholic churches, usually on or above an altar.• archaic a canopied niche or recess in the wall of a church.
  • 4) a partly open socket or double post on a sailing boat’s deck into which a mast is fixed, with a pivot near the top so that the mast can be lowered to pass under bridges.

Derivatives:

  • tabernacled – adjective

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ephemera: plural noun, things that exist or are used or enjoyed for only a short time.• collectable items that were originally expected to have only short-term usefulness or popularity: Mickey Mouse ephemera.

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asseveration: noun [ mass noun ] the solemn or emphatic declaration or statement of something: I fear that you offer only unsupported asseveration | [ count noun ] : the dogmatic outlook marks many of his asseverations.

Derivatives:

  • asseverate – verb
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iniquity: noun ( pl. iniquities ) [ mass noun ] immoral or grossly unfair behaviour: a den of iniquity | [ count noun ] : the iniquities of British taxation.

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mope: verb [ no obj. ] feel dejected and apathetic: no use moping—things could be worse.• (mope around/about) wander about listlessly and aimlessly because of unhappiness or boredom.nouna person given to prolonged spells of low spirits: a bunch of totally depressed mopes.• (mopes) dated low spirits; depression.

Derivatives:

  • moper – noun,
  • mopey (also mopy ) – adjective ( mopier, mopiest )
  • mopish – adjective

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popple : verb [ no obj. ](of water) flow in a tumbling or rippling way.noun [ in sing. ] a rolling or rippling of water.

Derivatives:

  • popply – adjective
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kowtow: verb [ no obj. ] 1) act in an excessively subservient manner: she didn’t have to kowtow to a boss. 2) historical kneel and touch the ground with the forehead in worship or submission as part of Chinese custom. noun – historical, an act of kowtowing as part of Chinese custom.

Derivatives:

  • kowtower – noun

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portage: noun [ mass noun ] the carrying of a boat or its cargo between two navigable waters: the return journey was made much simpler by portage.• [ count noun ] a place at which portage is necessary: a portage over the weir.• archaic the action of carrying or transporting something. verb [ with obj. ]carry (a boat or its cargo) between navigable waters: we portaged everything here.• [ no obj., with adverbial ] (of a boat) be carried between or across unnavigable waters.

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poltroon: noun archaic or literaryan utter coward.

Derivatives:

  • poltroonery – noun
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well knit: adjective (of a person) strongly and compactly built.

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elegiac: adjective, relating to or characteristic of an elegy: haunting and elegiac poems.• wistfully mournful.pluralnoun (elegiacs)verses in an elegiac metre.

Derivatives:

  • elegiacally – adverb
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circumlocution: noun [ mass noun ]the use of many words where fewer would do, especially in a deliberate attempt to be vague or evasive: his admission came after years of circumlocution | [ count noun ]: he used a number of poetic circumlocutions.

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artifice: noun [ mass noun ] clever or cunning devices or expedients, especially as used to trick or deceive others: an industry dominated by artifice | [ count noun ] : the style is not free from the artifices of the period.

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quack: noun, a person who dishonestly claims to have special knowledge and skill in some field, typically medicine.• Brit. informal a doctor.

Derivatives:

  • quackery – noun,
  • quackish – adjective

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jim-jams: 1) noun informal, a fit of depression or nervousness: pre-race jim-jams. 2) noun, Brit. informal, pyjamas.

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lackadaisical: adjective, lacking enthusiasm and determination; carelessly lazy: a lackadaisical defence left Spurs adrift in the second half.

Derivatives:

  • lackadaisically – adverb

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bailiwick: noun (one’s bailiwick) 1) one’s sphere of operations or area of interest: after the war, the Middle East remained his bailiwick. 2) Law the district or jurisdiction of a bailie or bailiff.

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kund: noun, Indiana tank or small reservoir in which rainwater is collected for drinking.

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eristic: formal, adjectiveof or characterized by debate or argument.• (of an argument or arguer) aiming at winning rather than at reaching the truth. noun, a person given to debate or argument.• [ mass noun ] the art or practice of debate or argument.

Derivatives:

  • eristically – adverb

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conspectus: noun, a summary or overview of a subject.

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accoutre: verb ( accoutres, accoutring, accoutred;US accouters, accoutering,accoutered ) clothe or equip in something noticeable or impressive. magnificently accoutred, he was led up to the high altar.

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balanitis: noun [ mass noun ] Medicine, inflammation of the glans penis.

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impecunious: adjective having little or no money: a titled but impecunious family.

Derivatives:

  • impecuniosity – noun
  • impecuniousness – noun

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eupeptic: adjective, relating to or having good digestion or a consequent air of healthy good spirits.

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modicum: noun [ in sing. ] a small quantity of a particular thing, especially something desirable or valuable: his statement had a modicum of truth.

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bawdry: noun [ mass noun ] obscenity in speech or writing.

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impercipient: adjective, failing to perceive something.

Derivatives:

  • impercipience – noun

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imperium: noun [ mass noun ]absolute power.

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rapscallion: noun,  archaic or humorous, a mischievous person.

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bullyrag: (also ballyrag ) verb ( bullyrags, bullyragging, bullyragged ) [ with obj. ] N. Amer. informal, treat (someone) in a scolding or intimidating way: he would bullyrag them around, but lick up to his superiors.

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lissom: (also lissome )adjective(of a person or their body) thin, supple, and graceful: the kind of outfit that should be left to lissom teenagers.

Derivatives:

  • lissomness – noun

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littoral: adjective,  relating to or situated on the shore of the sea or a lake: the littoral states of the Indian Ocean.• Ecology – relating to or denoting the zone of the seashore between high- and low-water marks, or the zone near a lake shore with rooted vegetation: limpets and other littoral molluscs. noun, a region lying along a shore: irrigated regions of the Mediterranean littoral.• Ecology – the littoral zone.

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gregarious: adjective(of a person) fond of company; sociable: he was a popular and gregarious man.• (of animals) living in flocks or loosely organized communities: gregarious species forage in flocks from colonies or roosts.• (of plants) growing in open clusters or in pure associations.

Derivatives:
  • gregariously – adverb,
  • gregariousness – noun

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gomer: 1) military slang an inept or stupid colleague, especially a trainee. 2) informal (used by doctors) a troublesome patient, especially an elderly one.

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pabulum: (also pablum ) noun [ mass noun ] literary, bland or insipid intellectual matter, entertainment, etc.

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pachyderm: noun, a very large mammal with thick skin, especially an elephant, rhinoceros, or hippopotamus.

Derivatives:

  • pachydermal – adjective,
  • pachydermatous – adjective,
  • pachydermic – adjective

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inerrant: adjective,  incapable of being wrong.

Derivatives:

  • inerrancy – noun,
  • inerrantist – noun

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chagrin: noun [ mass noun ] annoyance or distress at having failed or been humiliated: to mychagrin, he was nowhere to be seen.verb (be chagrined) feel distressed or humiliated.

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chela: 1) noun, Zoologya pincer-like claw, especially of a crab or other crustacean. Compare with chelicera. 2)noun, a follower and pupil of a guru.

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inauspicious: adjective,  not conducive to success; unpromising: following this inauspicious start the British, outnumbered, withdrew. unlucky.

Derivatives:

  • inauspiciously – adverb,
  • inauspiciousness – noun

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incandescent: adjective, 1) emitting light as a result of being heated: plumes of incandescent liquid rock.• (of an electric light) containing a filament which glows white-hot when heated by a current passed through it. 2) full of strong emotion; passionate: she felt an incandescent love for life.• extremely angry: I am incandescent at the way I’ve been treated.

Derivatives:

  • incandescence – noun,
  • incandescently – adverb
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incommutable: adjective not capable of being changed or exchanged.

Derivatives:

  • incommutably – adverb
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incommodious: adjective formal or datedcausing inconvenience or discomfort.

Derivatives:

  • incommodiously – adverb,
  • incommodiousness – noun

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avow: verb [ reporting verb ]assert or confess openly: [ with clause ] : he avowed that he had voted Labour in every election | [ withobj. ] : he avowed his change of faith.

Derivatives: avowal – noun

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